What is Counselling?
Counselling is an effective therapy for many common emotional and mental health problems, as well as a useful resource for people under going any life crisis or change period. In counselling, a therapist will listen carefully, and mindfully guide you to explore all factors relating to the issue you are coming with and help you to find the best way to move forward.
Many people find the space to talk to someone other than a partner, relative or friend helps them to reach the right choices for them. Speaking to a counsellor is particularly effective, because the therapist is trained to recognise signals of what may or may not be helpful to each individual. Counselling tends to be a short term intervention, focusing on a specific issue and usually ranging from 6 - 18 sessions.
What is Psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy tends to be a longer term intervention (months to years) addressing concerns which have built up over a long period of time. This may include depression, anxiety disorders, recurrent relationship difficulties, emotional eating, an ongoing dissatisfaction with life, or addressing the effects of abuse or other trauma. Psychotherapy is also suitable for anyone wishing to increase self awareness and develop self-confidence in relationships and social situations.
During psychotherapy, client and therapist work together to build greater understanding of why the client thinks, feels, behaves the way they do. In order to do this kind of work a good relationship between client and therapist is essential, so it is important to choose a therapist who 'feels right' for you.
Therapy in Leicester with RHCP?
Our therapists will work with you to explore a deeper understanding of your experiences and look at the situation from different perspectives and new angles. Our therapy rooms are designed to be warm, comfortable and private, allowing for a positive and safe environment in which you can share and be heard.
Why might someone come for therapy?
- Depression, Stress or Anxiety
- Illness or disability
- Anger management
- A sense of being stuck
- A general sense of dissatisfaction
- A lack of purpose
- Difficulty making decisions
- Body image difficulties
- Emotional relationship with food (both under and over eating)
- Loss of meaning
- Loss of identity
- Work issues
- Spiritual crisis
- Issues around self-worth and self-esteem
- Sexual, physical and emotional abuse survival
- Mid-life crisis
- Separation and divorce
- Bereavement and loss
- Coming out
Relationship and Family issues:
- Feelings of loneliness and isolation
- Problems with intimacy and sex
- Problems connecting with friends and family
- Commitment issues
- Fidelity, trust & jealousy issues
- Uncertainty regarding a relationship's future
- Grief over the loss of a relationship
Types of Therapy
There are various theoretical approaches to Counselling and Psychotherapy, and at RHCP we aim to offer a variety of these approaches to ensure we offer a diverse service. Types of therapy arise from different perspectives that involve certain assumptions about the functioning of human beings. For some people the therapists theoretical approach is very important, however for other it is less so. Below is a description of all the approaches offered at RHCP, you can identify which therapists offer which approach by viewing our therapist's profiles page.
Psychodynamic theorists believes that the events in our childhood have a significant impact on our experiences and behavior as adults. They also believed that we are compelled to repeat patterns of behavior as a consequence of our early relationships, particularly those with our significant care givers.
In psychodynamic therapy, the client is encouraged to reflect on their past, and to wonder how their present view of the world has been shaped by these experiences. The therapist will also be watchful for how the client interacts with the therapist, watching the 'dynamics' of the relationship unfold. Client and therapist work together to encourage the unconscious to become conscious, thus creating the opportunity for conscious choice and change.
This type of therapy is recommended for anyone wanting to explore and gain further understanding of themselves. It can be particularly effective for people who have tried shorter-term therapies, and found they wanted something 'deeper'. Clients who find themselves in repeated patterns of relationships, or repeatedly making the same mistakes may find psychodynamic therapy useful in understanding the unconscious choices that keep bringing them back to the same point.
Humanistic therapy is based on a psychological perspective that emphasises the study of the whole person (know as holism). Humanistic therapists look at human behaviour not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the client. Humanistic therapists believe that an individual's behavior is connected to his inner feelings and view of self. The humanistic perspective centers on the view that each person is unique and individual and has the free will to change at any time in his or her lives.
The humanistic perspective suggests that we are each responsible for our own happiness and well-being as humans. We have the innate capacity for self-actualization which is our unique desire to achieve our highest potential as people.
Humanistic therapy is particularly useful for anyone lacking in self-esteem and self-worth. The approach believes in the value of every individual and will aim to encourage the client to know this for themselves.
Person-Centred therapy is a type of therapy that falls under the umbrella of Humanistic therapy. The goal of Person-Centered Therapy is to provide clients with an opportunity to develop a sense of self wherein they can realise how their attitudes, feelings and behavior are being negatively affected and make an effort to find their true positive potential. In this technique, therapists create a comfortable, non-judgmental environment by demonstrating genuineness, empathy, and unconditional positive regard toward their clients. It is believed that this aids clients in finding their own solutions to their problems.
Solution-Focused Therapists believe all clients have their own answers and if mindfully guided by a therapist to keep their attention towards solutions, they will find solutions for themselves.
SFT is often a short-term therapy, encouraging clients to focus on what they do well rather than reflecting on past problems. SFT tends to only require 3 or 4 sessions and client's tend to leave with a self-created action plan for the future.
SFT is recommended for clients who have reached a sticking point in life and want some help to move through it. SFT is less useful for long-standing or re-current issues.
CBT is one of the most commonly used therapies in the NHS today. It is a fairly short-term therapy which works to offer clients with techniques to manage symptoms. CBT is based on the belief that psychological problems are born from negative thought (cognitive) patterns that require challenging. It is believed that the way we feel about something is determined by the way we think about it, and therefore challenging the negative thought patterns associated with an event it will create change in both the emotional and behavioural consequences to that event also.
In CBT therapy, the client will be encouraged to explore their thought processes and consequential emotional and behavioural responses. This may include using work-sheets and the therapist may set homework tasks. In CBT clients are sometimes encouraged to engage in exposure tasks whereby they are encouraged to engage in task or events they would ordinarily avoid.
CBT is particularly useful for anxiety and panic disorders, phobias, OCD, and low self-esteem.
Creativity is often known as 'therapeutic' and therefore it is hardly surprising that an approach to therapy has developed to incorporate the arts. Creative Arts Therapy has two key components, firstly; engaging in creativity is relaxing, it is expressive and allows clients to create images, sounds or movements to capture emotion in a way that words can't. Secondly, the art-work produced can become the topic of more conventional talking therapy. By talking about an 'object' rather than themselves some clients feel more at ease, the art work becomes a materialised version of an inner world that is hard to form into words. When combined with psychodynamic theory, art work can also become the topic of unconscious interpretation, much like dream-analysis.
Eclectic Therapy refers to a therapist who has an understanding of many types of therapy and who will use different techniques depending upon the client and circumstance in the therapy. Eclectic therapy is like a therapist using a tool box of approaches and picking the right tool for the right occasion.
Integrative Therapy is an integration of different theoretical models to create a new model. It differs from eclectic therapy in that the theories are blending to make one new working model rather than picking and choosing different models at different times. As the models are 'blended' the therapist will have spend time mindfully considering how the models fit together and resolving any conflicting beliefs between the models before applying the new integration into practice.
Integrative therapy can refer to a vast many different integrations of approaches, and you may want to ask the therapist which models they integrate. Their integration will depend on their personal view of what helps in therapy and what they believe brings about therapeutic change for clients.
The name 'Gestalt' is derived from the German word 'organized whole', and refers to a style of therapy whereby the therapist encourages the client to focus upon their experience in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of their life, and the self-regulating adjustments they make as a result of their overall situation.
In gestalt therapy, clients are encouraged to become more fully and creatively alive, and interactive 'here and now' work is implemented to explore what the client is experiencing in the moment that it is experienced. One of the most famous techniques of Gestalt therapy is the 'Empty Chair Technique', The technique involves the client addressing an empty chair as if another person, or aspects of their personality, was in it. They may also move between chairs and act out two or more sides of a discussion. This can help externalize the often internal conversations people have with themselves and move towards resolution.
Sensor-Motor Therapy is a body-centred therapy that makes it possible for clients to discover the habitual and automatic attitudes, both physical and psychological, by which they generate patterns of experience. This gentle therapy teaches clients to follow the inherently intelligent processes of body and mind to promote healing. It is particularly helpful in working with the effects of trauma and abuse, emotional pain, and limiting belief systems.
EMDR is an acronym for 'Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing'. EMDR is a powerful psychological treatment method that was developed in the 1980s for treating psychological trauma arising from experiences as diverse as war related experiences, childhood sexual and/or physical abuse or neglect, natural disaster, assault, surgical trauma, road traffic accidents and workplace accidents.
The alternating left-right stimulation of the brain with eye movements, sounds or taps during EMDR, seems to stimulate the frozen or blocked information processing system.
In the process the distressing memories seem to lose their intensity, so that the memories are less distressing and seem more like 'ordinary' memories.
EMDR has increased in popularity over the last decade and is now included in the NICE guidelines as one of the recommended therapeutic treatments for people suffering with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
For further information regarding Rutland House Counselling & Psychotherapy or you would like to talk to one of our therapists please contact us for an informal chat.